Heb 9:1 Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary.
Heb 9:2 For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread; which is called the sanctuary.
Heb 9:3 And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all;
Heb 9:4 Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant;
Heb 9:5 And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercyseat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.
In the tabernacle in the Holy of Holies there was the Ark of the Covenant. This was a wooden box, overlaid with gold and on the top was placed the Mercy Seat of God. This was the heart of the Tabernacle.
A covenant is an agreement between two people or groups of people were each party has to do something to keep the agreement. The Ark of the Covenant was the reminder of that agreement that God had with the Israelites. The basic agreement was that the Israelites would believe God and do as He asked and that God would lead them through the desert to the land flowing with milk and honey. Even though the Israelites have often reneged and gone astray, God has always kept His side of the Covenant even to today.
In the Ark in the tabernacle there were three things:
- The tablets of stone on which God had written the Ten Commandments,
- Aarons’ rod that budded and
- The golden pot containing some Manna.
Each of these three things represented part of the covenant agreement.
The tablets of Stone.
On these were written the laws, or Ten commandments that the people were to live by. These were split into three parts : Honour and love God, Honour and love your parents, honour and love fellow man. These are all applicable to today as well as then, this was and is Gods’ way to live.
The Golden Pot of Manna.
Exo 16:2 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness:
Exo 16:3 And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger.
Exo 16:4 Then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no.
Exo 16:5 And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.
Exo 16:6 And Moses and Aaron said unto all the children of Israel, At even, then ye shall know that the LORD hath brought you out from the land of Egypt:
Exo 16:7 And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of the LORD; for that he heareth your murmurings against the LORD: and what are we, that ye murmur against us?
The Israelites had left the slavery of the Egyptians, they had seen and walked through the parting of the Red Sea and then they had seen the Egyptians destroyed when God released the waters of the Red Sea on top of them. They had just gone through one of the greatest feats of God and the next thing they do is murmur and complain. They wanted fresh bread. God heard there complaints and He sent them manna, a bread like substance that they could collect and eat every day. They were only to take what they needed o it would go off other than on the Sabbath, when what they had collected the previous day would still be fresh on the Sabbath. God said that when they saw the manna they would be seeing the glory of the Lord. The Lord told Moses to take an omer, a day’s supply for one person, and put it in a Golden Pot and place it in the Ark of the Covenant as a memorial of God keeping His covenant.
Exo 16:33 And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up before the LORD, to be kept for your generations.
Exo 16:34 As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept.
Moses was leading the people through the wilderness as per God’s instruction. There were about two and a half million people and as you can expect with that number of people there would be some that would want to be leaders. Korah and his group of followers decided to rebel against Moses and to take over the leadership. The outcome of this was that God opened up the earth and the rebels were all swallowed up in the opening.(Numbers Ch. 16)
There were still some unhappy people and they blamed Moses for killing Korah and his followers God spoke to Moses and as a sign to the people that Moses was God’s chosen leader, He told them to place a rod from each tribe, marked accordingly and place the twelve rods in the Tabernacle and that He would show the next day His choice. When the fetched the rods the next day they found the rod with Aaron’s name on it, representing the tribe of Levi, Moses tribe, had not only budded but had blossomed and also bore fruit, Almonds, all overnight. There was no denying who God had chosen to be the leader.( numbers Ch. 17)
Moses was commanded to also place this in the Ark of the Covenant.
Num 17:10 And the LORD said unto Moses, Bring Aaron’s rod again before the testimony, to be kept for a token against the rebels; and thou shalt quite take away their murmurings from me, that they die not.
The contents of the Ark represented three points of the Covenant that God had made with the Israelites;
- The tablets – the Law of God
- The Rod – the Authority of God
- The Manna – the Glory of God.
The Tabernacle travelled before the people and later when it had gone the Ark of the Covenant was still kept amongst the people.
Many years later King Solomon built a temple in Jerusalem and when it was complete the Ark of the Covenant was placed in it.
2Ch 5:5 And they brought up the ark, and the tabernacle of the congregation, and all the holy vessels that were in the tabernacle, these did the priests and the Levites bring up.
2Ch 5:6 Also king Solomon, and all the congregation of Israel that were assembled unto him before the ark, sacrificed sheep and oxen, which could not be told nor numbered for multitude.
2Ch 5:7 And the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the LORD unto his place, to the oracle of the house, into the most holy place, even under the wings of the cherubims:
2Ch 5:8 For the cherubims spread forth their wings over the place of the ark, and the cherubims covered the ark and the staves thereof above.
2Ch 5:9 And they drew out the staves of the ark, that the ends of the staves were seen from the ark before the oracle; but they were not seen without. And there it is unto this day.
2Ch 5:10 There was nothing in the ark save the two tables which Moses put therein at Horeb, when the LORD made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came out of Egypt.
We see that at the dedication of the temple two of the three contents had disappeared. What happened to them?
The pot of Manna
When Joshua led the Israelites into Canaan, the Promised Land, the first thing they did was to celebrate the Passover and to eat of the corn from the land.
The next day the manna stopped. The Israelites started to stop looking to God’s glory for their supply and to start looking to themselves. Slowly as they stopped looking to God’s glory it started to disappear until it was totally gone.
Jos 5:11 And they did eat of the old corn of the land on the morrow after the passover, unleavened cakes, and parched corn in the selfsame day.
Jos 5:12 And the manna ceased on the morrow after they had eaten of the old corn of the land; neither had the children of Israel manna any more; but they did eat of the fruit of the land of Canaan that year.
When Samuel, God’s Priest, the leader of the people was getting old the Israelites did not trust his sons to be his successor so they decide that they wanted a king. They wanted a tangible leader that they could see and be led by. Samuel objected and thought that he was being rejected but God said to him “ it is not you they reject, but Me”. The Israelites were no longer accepting God’s authority; they wanted a King to lead them.
1Sa 8:1 And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.
1Sa 8:2 Now the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of his second, Abiah: they were judges in Beersheba.
1Sa 8:3 And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment.
1Sa 8:4 Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel unto Ramah,
1Sa 8:5 And said unto him, Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in thy ways: now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.
1Sa 8:6 But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed unto the LORD.
1Sa 8:7 And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them.
1Sa 8:8 According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith they have forsaken me, and served other gods, so do they also unto thee.
1Sa 8:9 Now therefore hearken unto their voice: howbeit yet protest solemnly unto them, and shew them the manner of the king that shall reign over them.
1Sa 8:10 And Samuel told all the words of the LORD unto the people that asked of him a king.
They chose a man to be King by his looks, Saul, good looking and strong, a head and shoulder above all others. He looked the right part and originally was but eventually turned to his own ways and God had to reject him. God’s choice was then David.
The people had rejected God’s authority and sometime after this the rod had gone.
When Jesus showed the people how to pray He finished it off with the words:
- Thine is the Kingdom – the law
- The power (authority) – the rod
- And the Glory – the manna.
The Kingdom is God the Father
The power is Jesus the Son –
Mat_28:18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth
The Glory is shown forth by The Holy spirit.
When we are born again we get a new heart.
A heart of flesh
Eze 11:19 And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you; and I will take the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them an heart of flesh:
Eze 11:20 That they may walk in my statutes, and keep mine ordinances, and do them: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God.
A heart with God’s laws written on it
Heb 10:16 This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them;
We get the authority of Jesus in our heart and have the use of the power of His name.
Joh_14:14 If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it.
We get the Glory of the Holy Spirit as He guides us into all righteousness.
What is in your heart today? One two or all three?